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Vitamins And Minerals Your Dog Needs

Vitamins And Minerals Your Dog Needs

All living animals require specific nutrients to sustain life. Dogs, like all other canines, have different requirements for vitamins and minerals than other types of herbivores, largely because they are considered to be carnivores or meat eaters. Some researchers argue that dogs are closer to omnivores since they will scavenge and live off of grasses, grains…

Shawn Kerrigan

Vitamins And Minerals Your Dog Needs

All living animals require specific nutrients to sustain life. Dogs, like all other canines, have different requirements for vitamins and minerals than other types of herbivores, largely because they are considered to be carnivores or meat eaters. Some researchers argue that dogs are closer to omnivores since they will scavenge and live off of grasses, grains…

vegetables and fruits if meat is not available. While it is true that dogs can live off of other types of food for a time, meat is required in their diets for overall health.
The basic vitamins and minerals that dogs need in their diet are not all that different from human requirements, although dogs get everything they need from their food if they are healthy and they are fed the correct type of diet. Most high quality meat based commercial dog foods supplemented with meaty bones and a few steamed or fresh vegetables and small amounts of fruit once or twice a week is well balanced and nutritious diet. A few important vitamins and minerals include the following:

Vitamin A


Vitamin A is important in vision, developing and maintaining a healthy immune system, fetal development in females, growth and transferring proteins between cells. A deficiency in Vitamin A in the dog's diet can cause problems with weight loss, eye and skin problems and high levels of infection that seems to linger.

Vitamin C


Vitamin C has come to the forefront in many holistic veterinary practices. It can be helpful in boosting the immune system, reducing stress and anxiety and he    lping with swelling reduction in dogs with arthritis and other bone and muscle conditions. Vitamin C can also help in recovery from some disease and may help to rebuild collagen and counteract chronic skin conditions. It is important to keep in mind that Vitamin C only needs to be supplied in small amounts and that it can toxic if fed in too concentrated of quantities.

Vitamin E


Can be supplemented in natural but not synthetic forms to help with all types of skin, eye, muscle and reproductive issues and problems. Vitamin E is also found in foods such as carrots, egg yolks, wheat germ and some vegetable oils that can be added to the food mixture.

Niacin


Extremely important in all enzyme functions in the body but only can be provided in very low dosages. Problems with anorexia and weight loss including swelling of the mouth and face are common with deficiencies. Niacin is toxic to a dog in large quantities.

Calcium


Important in the formation of bones, teeth and skeletal and muscle development, calcium is found in fish meal, bone meal and through the consumption of natural raw bones. Calcium in excessive amounts can cause serious growth problems in puppies and may also lead to digestive disorders.

Copper


Helps in the development of the connective tissue of the skeleton as well as in blood cell formation and melanin pigment formation. Common symptoms of copper deficiency include pigment loss in hair of puppies and problems with anemia. Meat, particularly beef and chicken liver is high in copper and a good natural source of the mineral.

Zinc


Lack of zinc in the diet causes lack of growth and weight gain, problem with skin lesions developing and not healing, vomiting and hair loss. Zinc can be found in most meats and some grains, making this an easy mineral to supplement.

There are many more important vitamins and minerals to consider in your dog's diet. Talk to your vet about any concerns with vitamin or mineral deficits in your dog's breed history and know what to look for to stay on top of any potential dietary problems.

Article written by Shawn Kerrigan of www.ohmydogsupplies.com, check for current deals on retractable dog gates online.

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